AM Science Forum by Fraunhofer Rapid.Tech 3D 2024

Transition zone parameter development in multi-material powder bed fusion: A general approach

Timo Schröder from FRAUNHOFER IGCV will present a method with which a defect-free transition zone between two different metals in PBF-LB/M can be produced.

Power bed fusion of metals using a laser beam (PBF-LB/M) offers unique possibilities to manufacture
functionally graded materials (FGM) consisting of different alloys. These so-called multi-material
parts enable their material properties to be tailored to local material requirements. In this paper, a
new methodical approach for the production of metal FGM with transition zones oriented in different
directions and manufacturing sequences of the different materials is investigated. Existing approaches for the manufacturing of these transition zones were enhanced with graded parameter variations, spatial laser movement modulation techniques (wobbling), and geometric approximations using a step-structure. For the validation of the approach and the characterization of the transition zones, the manufactured samples were investigated and characterized using optical microscopy and hardness profile measurements. Furthermore, the density of the transition zones was analyzed by image data processing. The feasibility of the presented methods was shown and the production of defect-free transition zones with controlled expansions for functionally graded materials via PBF-LB/M was achieved.

Presentation language: ENG

Speakers (1)

Timo Schröder

Timo Schröder

Research assistant